What happened to the traditional role of skepticism in climate science?

What happened to the traditional role of skepticism in climate science?.
When I asked the NAS about this unfortunate deletion, they explained there was insufficient space to include this fundamental aspect of doing science.
(Disclosure: I was an expert reviewer of the IPCC ‘s AR-5 Report.)
The IPCC scandals occurred under the leadership of former IPCC chairman Rajendra Pachauri, who acknowledged in his resignation letter that his “fight” against global warming is his “religion” and “dharma” (https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/ar5/150224_pachauri_letter.pdf).
“This is probably the most difficult task we have ever given ourselves, which is to intentionally transform the economic development model, for the first time in human history”, Ms Figueres stated at a press conference in Brussels.
“This is the first time in the history of mankind that we are setting ourselves the task of intentionally, within a defined period of time to change the economic development model that has been reigning for at least 150 years, since the industrial revolution.” Trump was 100% right (not just 97%) to show real leadership and walk away from Paris President Trump has rejected and exited the Paris climate treaty – walked America away from the Mad Hatter tea party that was the entire multi-decade, often hysterical and always computer model-driven UN climate process.
My article this week explains… Guest essay by Eric Worrall Greens are inventing elaborate fantasies of shadowy right wing conspiracies to explain President Trump’s withdrawal from the Paris Treaty – but still refuse to consider the possibility they are wrong about global warming.
Dilbert creator, Scot Adams, was the first to notice and promptly tweeted his reaction.
Our resident cartoonist, Josh, noticed and replied: inspiring, now all bad weather can be blamed on @realDonaldTrump pic.twitter.com/ZlKZj56mUS — Josh (@Cartoonsbyjosh) June 2, 2017 Solar cycle 24 has seen very low solar activity thus far, likely the lowest in 100 years.
Actually, in this article, we will only concern ourselves with the region from 850 millibars to…

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300 hours underwater: Delight and danger diving in Lau

Editor’s note: Below is an excerpt from a Special Report on the Lau Seascape in Fiji.
It was originally published on June 7, 2017.
Last month, a team of conservationists set sail from the island of Fiji.
They were seeking out species — but also clues to the health of these little-explored waters.
To roll up the lines, I have a specific technique to protect myself from the fishing hooks: wrapping the line in on itself and making several large bundles to gather as much as the line as possible (see video above).
In this case, the section I retrieved was 500 meters (1,600 feet) long.
300 dives, 10 days For the marine survey, we were in the Lau Islands for 12 days, and 10 of those days were spent diving: three times a day, an hour at a time, for a total of 300 dives.
Each dive ranged from between 45 minutes to an hour and 10 minutes, depending on how much gas we had in our tanks, which was between 2,600 and 3,000 psi (pounds per square inch).
We had an informal trick for telling how long we’d be diving for each time: Given how many of us there were diving, we needed about 40 tanks a day ready and filled with compressed breathing gas.
Diving is full of these small details that to me, as Conservation International’s marine safety officer, are not only critical to ensuring we make it out alive, but ensure we’re able to do our work: to discover new species, to protect new marine areas and to help the communities that rely on these resources to thrive.

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Yellowstone Grizzly To Be Removed From Endangered Species List

Yellowstone Grizzly To Be Removed From Endangered Species List.
WASHINGTON — More than four decades after being listed as endangered, grizzly bears in and around Yellowstone National Park have recovered to the point that they no longer require protection under the Endangered Species Act, authorities said Thursday.
The current Yellowstone grizzly population is estimated at 700 individuals, up from as few as 136 bears in 1975, according to the Interior Department.
In a statement accompanying the agency’s announcement, Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke said the delisting is “a long time coming and very good news for many communities and advocates in the Yellowstone region.” “This achievement stands as one of America’s great conservation successes; the culmination of decades of hard work and dedication on the part of the state, tribal, federal and private partners,” he said.
“As a Montanan, I’m proud of what we’ve achieved together.” The Morning Email Wake up to the day’s most important news.
This is a developing story and will be updated.

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Eating Beans Instead of Beef Could Help Reduce Greenhouse Gases

Eating Beans Instead of Beef Could Help Reduce Greenhouse Gases.
A new study led by the Loma Linda University revealed that Americans could help reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions by simply changing some of their eating habits.
The study, published in the journal Climatic Change, showed that United States can easily achieve 50 to 75 percent of its greenhouse gases reduction targets by 2020, if Americans give up on eating beef and start consuming beans. “Given the scale of greenhouse gas reductions needed to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, are we prepared to eat beef analogs that look and taste like beef, but have a much lower climate impact?”
On the other hand, the production of beans and other legumes only result to one-fortieth the amount of greenhouse gas produced in beef.
Interestingly, the researchers claim that eating beans instead of beef could help the country achieve more than half of its greenhouse gas reduction goals, even without imposing any new standards in manufacturing and automobiles.
Aside from cutting down greenhouse gas emissions, substituting beef with legumes could free up 42 percent of U.S. cropland currently under cultivation.
This is equivalent to more than 400 million square acres, or approximately 1.6 times the size of California.
Under the Obama administration, U.S. agreed to cut down its greenhouse gas emissions by 17 percent below 2005 levels by the year 2020.
This is 7 percent lesser than the greenhouse gas emission of the country last 2013.

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Scott Pruitt’s successor is wasting no time suing to stop climate action

Scott Pruitt’s successor is wasting no time suing to stop climate action.
This story was originally published by Fusion and is reproduced here as part of the Climate Desk collaboration.
On Monday, Hunter, along with 11 other attorneys general and one governor from conservative-leaning states, sent a letter threatening to sue California Insurance Commissioner Dave Jones over his Climate Risk Carbon Initiative.
Joanne Spalding, Chief Climate Counsel and Managing Attorney for the Sierra Club, was taken aback by the rhetoric and claims of the letter.
The letter appears to assert that since the policy was enacted over a year and a half ago, the circumstances of the fossil fuel industry have changed as Trump, Pruitt, and the rest of the Republican power structure work to prop up fossil fuels and roll back environmental regulations.
Hunter and the other AGs want Jones to both stop requiring companies to publicly disclose fossil fuel investments and to also stop asking insurers to pledge coal industry divestment.
“I’m not sure that the insurance industry cares as much about this as the fossil fuel industry, since the insurance industry understands the downside risks that they face with the impacts of climate.” In a statement put out along with the letter, Hunter makes his strong feelings towards Jones’ “ham-handed extremist environmental policy” clear, calling it “negligent, politically driven, unrelated to insurance regulation, and is risking a certain lawsuit.” Jones didn’t waste any time personally responding to the letter, putting out a statement saying that threats of lawsuits are not going to stop him from making sure “that insurance companies are recognizing potential financial risks associated with climate change.” While Hunter is ostensibly worried about “tens of thousands of Oklahoma businesses and citizens,” California has the largest insurance market in the United States.
Jones’ response states that: The bankruptcy of over 35 coal companies and the refusal of four major United States banks to provide loans for new coal infrastructure, the announcement by Deutsche Bank — the largest international coal infrastructure lender — that it will not make new coal infrastructure loans, the decision of major international insurers to stop investing in coal, the decline in price of energy alternatives to coal, and the imposition of clean air regulations, are just some of the indicators that coal is or runs the risk of being a ‘stranded asset.’ For this reason, I asked the insurance companies I regulate to voluntarily divest from coal.
I also asked insurers to publicly disclose their investments in coal, oil, gas, and utilities so insurers, regulators, shareholders, and consumers have better insight into these investments and the risks they face due to climate change.
As for the threat of litigation, he said “bring it on.” Based on the closing remarks of Hunter’s letter, that threat is as real as climate change.

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The American Meteorological Society @ametsoc falls into the consensus trap in a letter to Rick Perry

Source: https://www.ametsoc.org/ams/index.cfm/about-ams/ams-position-letters/letter-to-doe-secretary-perry-on-climate-change/ (PDF) Here are a few of my thoughts.
We agree, and would add that skepticism and debate are always welcome and are critically important to the advancement of science.
Yet, the very letter they sent contradicts this, suggesting that there is no debate nor room for skepticism about carbon dioxide being the primary driver of temperature change.
Distinct global warming rates tied to multiple ocean surface temperature changes.
For the AMS to admonish Perry that there’s no room for debate on Carbon Dioxide as being the primary driver, is essentially to deny the process of science itself.
Science is often right, and also often wrong, but just as often, it is self-correcting.
The AMS should lead in science by setting an example, by showing that even in the face of overwhelming consensus on an issue, there must be room for doubt, and thus room for self-correcting science.
Trump was 100% right (not just 97%) to show real leadership and walk away from Paris President Trump has rejected and exited the Paris climate treaty – walked America away from the Mad Hatter tea party that was the entire multi-decade, often hysterical and always computer model-driven UN climate process.
My article this week explains… Guest essay by Eric Worrall Greens are inventing elaborate fantasies of shadowy right wing conspiracies to explain President Trump’s withdrawal from the Paris Treaty – but still refuse to consider the possibility they are wrong about global warming.
By “Upper Atmosphere” we mean the region above the surface and below 100,000 feet.

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DIY Summer Blooms Garden Apron

It is helpful to be able to be equipped with several items at once when you are gardening, as you may want to use pruners, seed packets, hand tools, and other supplies in quick succession.
Here’s how to make your own.
Materials: Sturdy-weight fabric: plain for apron back, pattern for pockets, waistband, and sash, cut as follows: 1 – 20” x 14″ plain color fabric for apron back 1 – 23” x 10” patterned fabric for apron pockets 1 – 20” x 4” patterned fabric for waistband 2 – 42” x 4” patterned fabric for long, wraparound sashes Make it!
Lay the larger pocket cut of fabric onto the plain back fabric and pin 3 pleats along the bottom edge so that the pocket fabric is now the same width as the back.
Sew the two long ends together, making a long tube.
Fold the ends of the sashes inward and stitch to finish the ends.
Sew each sash to the top sides of the back fabric.
Make a loop to hold pruners or other tools by folding a 2” x 5”-long cut of fabric lengthwise and folding the edges in.
Sew top, bottom and sides to secure the “ribbon.” Attach to apron back by sewing the right end to the apron back, then sewing the same end 1” to the right.
When you’re not toting your smaller garden tools around in this apron, keep them in this DIY Garden Tool Storage Bin.

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Good News and Bad News for Exhausted Coral Reefs

That event appears to have come to an end in 2017.
Coral reefs begin to bleach when they come into contact with water that is especially warm.
Ocean temperatures have been rising as well, which leads to bleaching and destruction of coral reefs.
Coral reefs are the forests of the ocean.
This causes a chain reaction, and predator fish begin to die off from insufficient food.
The unprecedented warm weather of the past year has made it continue. “At some point, we’re probably going to hit that level [of global warming] where it doesn’t go away and it’s continuous.
The climate models have been saying for well over a decade that we’re looking to some time around the 2020s where global bleaching becomes the norm.”
Coral will show fluorescing when it is either being affected by cold water or too much warm water.
But the warm water leads to bleaching, and if not given to time recover, death.

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Richard Branson “Baffled” By President Trump’s Paris Decision

Richard Branson “Baffled” By President Trump’s Paris Decision.
Guest essay by Eric Worrall Richard Branson is so shocked by President Trump’s decision to withdraw from Paris, he’s putting his own money into renewables R&D.
My question – isn’t this how Capitalism is supposed to work?
Richard Branson: Business leaders are ‘baffled’ by Trump on climate change ritish billionaire Richard Branson said business leaders were left dumbfounded by President Trump’s decision to withdraw the U.S. from the Paris Climate Agreement.
But if there’s a silver lining, it’s that companies are now even more driven to invest in clean energy and cut greenhouse gas emissions.
Of course, if anyone is unhappy their tax money is no longer being spent on green R&D, they are free to use their own cash to join Branson’s crusade to save the world.
But people are also now free not to contribute to green R&D.
Talk about win / win.
Dilbert creator, Scot Adams, was the first to notice and promptly tweeted his reaction.
Our resident cartoonist, Josh, noticed and replied: inspiring, now all bad weather can be blamed on @realDonaldTrump pic.twitter.com/ZlKZj56mUS — Josh (@Cartoonsbyjosh) June 2, 2017 Solar cycle 24 has seen very low solar activity thus far, likely the lowest in 100 years.

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“The Answer to What’s Actually Killing Coal” Is “Not Even Wrong”

“The Answer to What’s Actually Killing Coal” Is “Not Even Wrong”.
Guest post by David Middleton The Answer to What’s Actually Killing Coal is Hopeful and Depressing The real cause of the decline of coal is the free market.
So their conclusion that “better tech and market competition” and not “business-killing policies” are killing coal, is “not even wrong.” The levelized capital costs for conventional coal-fired power plants ranged from $2,800 to $3,200 per kW in 2010.
Setting aside the fact that “business-killing policies” have definitively driven the cost of coal-fired power plants up to noncompetitive levels, they are correct that “the relatively low cost for natural gas” really hurt the coal industry.
Back to the Inverse article: It’s not that renewables have become so cheap that they’re killing coal, it’s that our technology has improved so natural gas is having an economic renaissance.
Natural gas “costs” skyrocketed from 2000-2009… Bloomberg Gadfly, US EIA) The “death blow” to coal occurred in 2009, when natural gas prices collapsed:
In the Energy Information Administration’s reference case, natural gas prices are forecast to rise to about $4.50/mcf by 2020 and climb above $5.00/mcf by 2030.
Coal is extremely competitive with natural gas in EIA’s reference case.
From 2030 through 2040, it is the third-largest energy source, behind both liquid fuels and natural gas.
Trump was 100% right (not just 97%) to show real leadership and walk away from Paris President Trump has rejected and exited the Paris climate treaty – walked America away from the Mad Hatter tea party that was the entire multi-decade, often hysterical and always computer model-driven UN climate process.

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